Doubts about Aslan Norval remain and exacerbate the problems of the writer's identity and the true authorship of his books. Other things may arguably make sense if one assumes that B. Traven was Moritz Rathenau. Marut, whose date and place of birth are unknown, performed on stage in Idar (today Idar-Oberstein), Ansbach, Suhl, Crimmitschau, Berlin, Danzig and Düsseldorf before the First World War. [7], In the same year (1926), the book club Büchergilde Gutenberg, which was Traven's publishing house until 1939, published his second novel Das Totenschiff (The Death Ship). [6], The writer with the pen name B. Traven appeared on the German literary scene in 1925, when the Berlin daily Vorwärts, the organ of the Social Democratic Party of Germany, published the first short story signed with this pseudonym on 28 February. Macario was made adapted into a film by Mexican director Roberto Gavaldón in 1960. Read 158 reviews from the world's largest community for readers. One of the few certainties about Traven's life is that he lived for years in Mexico, where the majority of his fiction is also set—including The Treasure of the Sierra Madre (1927). 8 According to official records, Torsvan arrived in Mexico from the United States, crossing the border in Ciudad Juárez in 1914. [7][8], Traven's best known novel, apart from The Death Ship, was The Treasure of the Sierra Madre, published first in German in 1927 as Der Schatz der Sierra Madre. He started his career in Idar (today Idar-Oberstein). For example, in 1947, she went to Europe to represent him in contacts with his publishers; finally, in 1948, her name (along with Josef Wieder from Zurich) appeared as the copyright holder of his books. Help us improve our Author Pages by updating your bibliography and submitting a new or current image and biography. 9 | April 1999, Heidemann also described his quest for Traven in the book, "1949 - The Treasure of the Sierra Madre", https://libcom.org/history/ret-marut-early-b-traven-james-goldwasser, "Guide to the Ret Marut and Der Ziegelbrenner collection", "Die Revolution findet im Roman statt. The story, whose English title was The Healer, was honored by The New York Times as the best short story of the year in 1953. (, James Goldwasser tried to reconstruct Ret Marut's detailed biography (till 1923) in the article. The notions of "justice" or Christian morality, which are so visible in adventure novels by other authors, for example Karl May, are of no importance here. ), Top subscription boxes – right to your door, © 1996-2020, Amazon.com, Inc. or its affiliates. Using partly dishonest methods (Spota bribed the postman who delivered letters to Torsvan), the journalist found out that Torsvan received royalties payable to B. Traven from Josef Wieder in Zurich; on his desk, he also found a book package from the American writer Upton Sinclair, which was addressed to B. Traven c/o Esperanza López Mateos. In the process he assumed a variety of pseudonyms (including “B. He allegedly utilized his experiences from these voyages later in the novel The Death Ship. B. Traven (1882-1969) was a pen name of the most engimatic writer of the twentieth century. Different sources give different dates of revealing the information below. Both, however, denied being Traven and claimed that they were his literary agents only, representing him in contacts with his publishers. The expanded book edition was published in 1926 by the Berlin-based Buchmeister publishing house, which was owned by the left-leaning trade-unions-affiliated book sales club Büchergilde Gutenberg. The rumour was not true. He showed a lively interest in Mexican culture and history, following summer courses on the Spanish, Nahuatl and Mayan languages, the history of Latin American literature and the history of Mexico at the National Autonomous University of Mexico (UNAM) in the years 1927 and 1928. The National Archives at Washington, D.C.; Washington, D.C.; Series Title: Passenger and Crew Manifests of Airplanes Arriving at Houston, Texas; Record Group Title: Records of the Immigration and Naturalization Service, 1787-2004, via ancestry.com. This was certainly a favourable environment for an anarchist and fugitive from Europe. Ottawa, Ontario, Canada: Library and Archives Canada, n.d.. RG 76. Adventurous, funny, and full of humanity, The Cotton-Pickers challenges and delights readers to this day. Gale, the person and the name, could have been the source for the figure of Gerald Gale, the hero of many novels by B. Traven, including The Cotton Pickers (first published as Der Wobbly) and The Death Ship. B. Traven in Mexico is also connected with the names of Berick Traven Torsvan and Hal Croves, both of whom appeared and acted in different periods of the writer's life. Rosa Elena Luján gave more information about these facts in her interview for the International Herald Tribune on 8 April 1969, where she claimed that her husband's parents had emigrated from the United States to Germany some time after their son's birth. In subsequent years she acted as his representative in contacts with publishers and as the real owner of his copyright which she later transferred to his brothers.[14]. There's a problem loading this menu right now. Professional politicians, including ones who sympathize with the left, are usually shown in a negative light, if shown at all. [33] The articles and interviews with Croves always had to be authorized by his wife. The Ret Marut hypothesis did not explain how the former actor and anarchist reached Mexico; it did not provide any information about his early life either. Author:B Traven Publisher:Diogenes Verlag AG Series:Diogenes Taschenbücher Publication date:2016-02-01 Pages:326 Product dimensions:113mm (w) x 180mm (h) x 24mm (d) About Wordery Wordery is one of the UK's largest online booksellers. In 1947, four years before her death, she had revealed the story in writing to Mexican cinematographer Gabriel Figueroa, her brother-in-law. ), ( The above hypotheses, identifying B. Traven with Hal Croves, Traven Torsvan, Ret Marut and possibly Otto Feige, are not the only ones concerning the writer's identity that have appeared since the mid-1920s. "B. Traven is coming to be recognized as one of the narrative masters of the twentieth century." Torsvan rented a wooden house north of Tampico in 1924 where he often stayed and worked until 1931. She read this information from her husband's will, which had been drawn up by him three weeks before his death (on 4 March). B. Traven (1882-1969) was a pen name of the most engimatic writer of the twentieth century. [9][25], However, as, Tapio Helen points out, there is an enormous contrast between the experiences and life of Marut, an actor and bohemian in Munich, and Traven's novels and short stories, characterized by their solid knowledge of Mexican and Indian cultures, seafaring themes, the problems of itinerant workers, political agitators and social activists of all descriptions, and pervaded with Americanisms. In 1933, the writer sent the English manuscripts of his three novels – The Death Ship, The Treasure of the Sierra Madre and The Bridge in the Jungle – to the New York City publishing house Alfred A. Knopf for publication, claiming that these were the original versions of the novels and that the earlier published German versions were only translations of them. , ( [36] Figueroa further stated that Traven's mother was an Irish actress, Helen Mareck,[37] which might explain Traven's early mastery of English, as well as his closeness to the theater. The book was in turn adapted for film as Macario. According to Huston, "Croves gave an impression quite unlike the one I had formed of Traven from reading his scripts and correspondence." ), ( Despite this, Traven's books are par excellence political works. 13 After working as a mechanic in Magdeburg, Feige became (summer 1906) head of the metal workers' union in Gelsenkirchen. 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