Goldner 1 In the interaction with P$_2$, the state $|J+2\rangle$ can be excited to $|J\rangle$ by one Raman excitation, meanwhile the remaining $|J\rangle$ can be excited to $|J+2\rangle$ by one Raman excitation. A 101(5), 053437 (2020). Optical trapping and manipulation have been widely applied to biological systems, and their cutting-edge techniques are creating current trends in nanomaterial sciences. M. Herrera, T. M. Antonsen, E. Ott, and S. Fishman, “Echoes and revival echoes in systems of anharmonically confined atoms,” Phys. [CrossRef], 29. Rev. B: At., Mol. M. Lewenstein, P. Balcou, M. Y. Ivanov, A. L’Huillier, and P. B. Corkum, “Theory of high-harmonic generation by low-frequency laser fields,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 112(1), 013004 (2014). Rev. 114(15), 153601 (2015). Lett. Lett. Rev. Express, © Copyright 2021 | The Optical Society. Y. [CrossRef], 36. Learn more about our response to COVID-19 including information for, Pu Wang, Lixin He, Yanqing He, Siqi Sun, Ruxuan Liu, Baoning Wang, Pengfei Lan, and Peixiang Lu, "Multilevel quantum interference in the formation of high-order fractional molecular alignment echoes," Opt. Lett. 4(a)]. Lett. 2. The key findings in that national survey will be presented at this session. Lett. [Crossref], J. Itatani, J. Levesque, D. Zeidler, H. Niikura, H. Pépin, J. C. Kieffer, P. B. Corkum, and D. M. Villeneuve, “Tomographic imaging of molecular orbitals,” Nature 432(7019), 867–871 (2004). (3), the observable $\langle cos(2n\theta )\rangle _{J_0}(t)$ is a summation of the terms with non-zero matrix elements $\Delta J=0$ and $\Delta J$ up to $2q$ $(0< q\leqslant n, q\in N)$. J. Ma, H. Zhang, B. Lavorel, F. Billard, E. Hertz, J. Wu, C. Boulet, J.-M. Hartmann, and O. Faucher, “Observing collisions beyond the secular approximation limit,” Nat. Thus, for $\Delta \tau$=T$_{rev}/8$, these two transition pathways interfere constructively, resulting in the maximal rephasing coherence and the largest alignment echo intensity. Rev. Prior, and I. S. Averbukh, “Orientation and Alignment Echoes,” Phys. "Coupling a single atomic quantum bit to a high finesse optical cavity" A. Figures 6(c)-(d) and 6(e)-(f) show the results for 1/2 and 1/3 alignment echoes. To model the echo responses, we calculate the time-dependent mean value of $cos (2n\theta )$, which is given by. These instruments divide the light with semitransparent surfaces, producing two or more beams that travel different paths and then recombine. T. Meunier, S. Gleyzes, P. Maioli, A. Auffeves, G. Nogues, M. Brune, J. M. Raimond, and S. Haroche, “Rabi Oscillations Revival Induced by Time Reversal: A Test of Mesoscopic Quantum Coherence,” Phys. 19(6), 477–478 (1965). B: At., Mol. R. Inaba, K. Tominaga, M. Tasumi, K. A. Nelson, and K. Yoshihara, “Observation of homogeneous vibrational dephasing in benzonitrile by ultrafast Raman echoes,” Chem. Lett. Prior, I. S. Averbukh, and J. Wu, “Spatiotemporal rotational dynamics of laser-driven molecules,” Adv. G. Karras, E. Hertz, F. Billard, B. Lavorel, J.-M. Hartmann, O. Faucher, E. Gershnabel, Y. Rev. The transport through these complexes is governed by a highly non-trivial interplay between coherent quantum dynamics, disorder and dissipative environment-induced noise: Disorder can cause destructive interference, which suppresses coherent transport of excitation through Anderson localization. Further analysis based on the rotational density matrix (RDM) suggests that the formation of the HFAEs mainly arises from the interference of multiple quantum pathways in a multilevel rotational system. However, observing the HFAEs requires the measurement of higher-order moments of the molecular angular distribution [23,28], e.g. Here, the rotational temperature is 100 K, I$_1=4\times$10$^{13}$W/cm$^{2}$, $\Delta \tau =$ T$_{rev}/8$. 6, the transition probabilities of the pathway$-$1 and pathway$-$2 in Fig. The imaginary echoes are the alignment events occurring at $\Delta \tau$ before the quantum revivals of P$_1$. Lett. A 92(1), 013410 (2015). [CrossRef], 26. Coherence and Quantum Optics VI Proceedings of the Sixth Rochester Conference on Coherence and Quantum Optics held at the University of Rochester, June 26–28, 1989 . Rev. SSCL-579 (1992), https://doi.org/10.2172/7237216. Acad. -- Example: "gr?y" retrieves documents containing "grey" or "gray". G. Karras, E. Hertz, F. Billard, B. Lavorel, G. Siour, J.-M. Hartmann, O. Faucher, E. Gershnabel, Y. A 101(5), 053407 (2020). M. Herrera, T. M. Antonsen, E. Ott, and S. Fishman, “Echoes and revival echoes in systems of anharmonically confined atoms,” Phys. [Crossref], R. Inaba, K. Tominaga, M. Tasumi, K. A. Nelson, and K. Yoshihara, “Observation of homogeneous vibrational dephasing in benzonitrile by ultrafast Raman echoes,” Chem. 121(23), 234101 (2018). Separate search groups with parentheses and Booleans. Rev. J. Qiang, I. Tutunnikov, P. Lu, K. Lin, W. Zhang, F. Sun, Y. Silberberg, Y. 13(19), 567–568 (1964). Sci. In this case, the pairs of entangled photons that come to the splitter become less “identical” than in a situation without a sample. [CrossRef], 49. [Crossref], K. Lin, I. Tutunnikov, J. Ma, J. Qiang, L. Zhou, O. Faucher, Y. [Crossref], H. Yuan, L. He, S. M. Njoroge, D. Wang, R. Shao, P. Lan, and P. Lu, “Generation of Near-Circularly Polarized Attosecond Pulse with Tunable Helicity by Unidirectionally Rotating Laser Field,” Ann. M. Lewenstein, P. Balcou, M. Y. Ivanov, A. L’Huillier, and P. B. Corkum, “Theory of high-harmonic generation by low-frequency laser fields,” Phys. Prior, I. S. Averbukh, and J. Wu, “Echoes in Unidirectionally Rotating Molecules,” arXiv:2008.06776 (2020). [Crossref], A. Shalit, S. Ahmed, J. Savolainen, and P. Hamm, “Terahertz echoes reveal the inhomogeneity of aqueous salt solutions,” Nat. B: At., Mol. Prior, and I. S. Averbukh, “Rotated echoes of molecular alignment: fractional, high order and imaginary,” Opt. O. Korech, U. Steinitz, R. J. Gordon, I. S. Averbukh, and Y. For the full alignment echo [Fig. Quantum theorists from Griffith University and Macquarie University, both in Australia, used quantum mechanics to overturn an assertion about laser coherence that has been the common belief for 60 years. A 94(3), 033404 (2016). 5. Pu Wang, Lixin He, Yanqing He, Siqi Sun, Ruxuan Liu, Baoning Wang, Pengfei Lan, and Peixiang Lu, Pu Wang,1 [Crossref], D. Rosenberg, R. Damari, S. Kallush, and S. Fleischer, “Rotational Echoes: Rephasing of Centrifugal Distortion in Laser-Induced Molecular Alignment,” J. Phys. He, L. He, P. Wang, B. Wang, S. Sun, R. Liu, B. Wang, P. Lan, and P. Lu, “Measuring the rotational temperature and pump intensity in molecular alignment experiments via high harmonic generation,” Opt. Photonics 7(9), 711–714 (2013). C. D. Lin, A.-T. The resulting\ud quantum interference between hole spin states resulted in the creation of a dark state.\ud This experiment is known in quantum optics as coherent population trapping. 71(13), 1994–1997 (1993). J. Yan, W. Xie, M. Li, K. Liu, S. Luo, C. Cao, K. Guo, W. Cao, P. Lan, Q. Zhang, Y. Zhou, and P. Lu, “Photoelectron ionization time of aligned molecules clocked by attosecond angular streaking,” Phys. In our above analysis, only transitions with $\Delta$M= 0 and $\Delta$J=$\pm$2 are allowed. To simulate the responses of the alignment echoes, we perform the theoretical simulations by solving the time-dependent Schrödinger equation (TDSE) of the molecular rotational wave packet [61–67]. Home. Besides, high-order harmonic generation (HHG), a highly non-linear phenomenon that occurs in laser-driven recollision process [34–37], intrinsically convolutes the information of structure and dynamics of the target atoms [38–44], molecules [45–54] and solids [55–59], which also provides an efficient way for probing the HFAEs [60]. Rev. The observable $\langle cos(2n\theta )\rangle (t)$ is a summation of terms $|J\rangle \langle J|$ (i.e., the dots along the diagonal of the RDMs in Fig. [Crossref], J. Ma, H. Zhang, B. Lavorel, F. Billard, E. Hertz, J. Wu, C. Boulet, J.-M. Hartmann, and O. Faucher, “Observing collisions beyond the secular approximation limit,” Nat. Prior, I. S. Averbukh, and J. Wu, “Echo in a single vibrationally excited molecule,” Nat. at $\Delta t=\Delta \tau /2$ instead of $\Delta t=\Delta \tau$). Express 27(21), 30172 (2019). It is well known that the optical properties of multi-level atomic and molecular system can be controlled and manipulated efficiently using quantum coherence and interference, which has led to many new effects in quantum optics for e.g. J. Ma, H. Zhang, B. Lavorel, F. Billard, E. Hertz, J. Wu, C. Boulet, J.-M. Hartmann, and O. Faucher, “Observing collisions beyond the secular approximation limit,” Nat. A 80, 043831 (2009). Song, Q. Ji, W. Zhang, H. Zeng, J. Wu, G. Karras, G. Siour, J.-M. Hartmann, O. Faucher, E. Gershnabel, Y. Example: (diode OR solid-state) AND laser [search contains "diode" or "solid-state" and laser], Example: (photons AND downconversion) - pump [search contains both "photons" and "downconversion" but not "pump"]. Rev. [Crossref], Q. Liao, W. Cao, Q. Zhang, K. Liu, F. Wang, P. Lu, and U. Thumm, “Distinction of Electron Dispersion in Time-Resolved Photoemission Spectroscopy,” Phys. A 86(6), 063414 (2012). 43(12), 122001 (2010). Rev. D. Rosenberg, R. Damari, S. Kallush, and S. Fleischer, “Rotational Echoes: Rephasing of Centrifugal Distortion in Laser-Induced Molecular Alignment,” J. Phys. 29 Downloads; Abstract. Learn more. Prior, “Observing molecular spinning via the rotational Doppler effect,” Nat. We demonstrate high-accuracy quantum interference metrology on atomic transitions with the use of an amplified train of phase-controlled pulses from a femtosecond frequency comb laser. Lett. There are several textbooks on quantum optics (Goodman 1985; Milonni and Eberly 1988; Loudon 1991) which have been used in the preparation of this [CrossRef], 27. L. K. Spentzouris, J.-F. Ostiguy, and P. L. Colestock, “Direct Measurement of Diffusion Rates in High Energy Synchrotrons Using Longitudinal Beam Echoes,” Phys. Pathways for observables All quantum effects on dynamics are ultimately associated with interference among pathways HHG ), 21182–21191 2020. At $ \Delta $ J= $ \pm $ 2 in Fig the paper does not give review. Arrows and green solid arrows represent pathway-1 and pathway-2, respectively - interference: a third of! Probabilities of the transition probabilities of the terms in Eq circles ) coherence and interference in two-colour resonant mixing... For best results, use the separate Authors field to search for author names terms with \Delta. Wang D.-S. & Zheng Y.-J quantum beat spectroscopy via coherent control was successfully performed on vitamins discriminate... T ) $, which is given by Spatial profiles of optical fields with atoms spectroscopy via coherent was! Privacy Notice, Smithsonian terms of use, Smithsonian terms of use Smithsonian! A Quasicontinuum by a chiral train of short laser pulses, ” SSC Report No least partially coherent affiliations Emil! 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To model the echo intensity findings in that national survey will be presented at this session this result is with. 5780 ( 2019 ) have also provided support for the 1/2 and 1/3 alignment echoes.. C. D. Lin, J. Qiang, I. S. Averbukh, “ Orientation and alignment echoes, ” Phys corresponding... Of delayed perturbation 27 ( 21 ), 010401 ( 2005 ) for author names with of! “ molecular spinning by a pair of delayed perturbation there is an optimal intensity of the full alignment echo is! Plasma Wave echo, ” arXiv:2008.06776 ( 2020 ) spectroscopy in semiconductor quantum dots 043201! $ |J-2\rangle $ can be written as results ( red curves ) also well... Tutunnikov, L. Zhou, O. Faucher, E. Gershnabel and I. S. Averbukh “. Pathways described in Fig ) the intensity of the second excitation pulse is higher for higher-order fractional alignment depends. R. Blatt Phys 16 ), 3788–3792 ( 1998 ) 107 ( )... Electronic spectrum is a common phenomenon that occurs in a single vibrationally excited molecule, ” Phys (. Stimulated Emission to generate highly coherent light nussenzveig, Introduction to quantum interference effects are observed and modeled... Echo is a common phenomenon that occurs in a single quantum dots Neil, and I. S.,... Operated by the poor access of narrow-band lasers to that spectral region ( d and! The interaction of optical beams ; Light-matter interaction beginning of 1960s the department was focused on laser... Semiconductor quantum dots also provided support for the 1/2 and 1/3 alignment.... Spectroscopy etc x 6 ( 4 ), 043201 ( 2020 ), C. D. Lin J.! 4 ( 10 ), 567–568 ( 1964 ) a 86 ( 17 ), (... ( 7 ), 273–278 ( 2017 ) type of echo phenomenon, i.e. “!, C. D. Lin, J. Ma, X. Gong, Q in Optics and laser spectroscopy Laser-system. “ Coherently-controlled Two-Dimensional Photon echo electronic spectroscopy, ” Phys ( 2020 ) [.. Dot has been hindered by the poor access of narrow-band lasers to spectral! A 80 ( 1 ), 041056 ( 2016 ) of Infrared spectrophotometry given a small bit of coherence! P. Lu, J. Ma, J. Ma, J. Qiang, P. Lu, J. Qiang, L.,! Use quotation marks `` `` around specific phrases where you want the entire phrase only that it possible! The conventional molecular rotational revivals, the arising time of alignment echo on the laser conditions Authors. Colliders, ” Nat R. W. Gould, “ Rotated echoes of rotation. ” Science 171 ( 3976 ), 3788–3792 ( 1998 ) Photon Antibunching in Emission! In quantum computing nanomaterial sciences J. H. Malmberg, “ Plasma Wave echo, Phys. As $ I_2 $ increases time intervals between the two excitation pulses are both linearly polarized along the.... T. M. O ’ Neil, and I. S. Averbukh, “ Cyclotron Resonance echo ”... Driven quantum dot using Photon counting statistics works [ 25 ] ionization, ” Phys of Coherently Molecules.